Howa Type 89
Type 89 Assault Rifle JGSDF
Production History
Manufacturer Howa
Produced 1989 - Present
Numbers built 163,706
Weight 3.5 kg
Length 916 mm
Barrel Length 420 mm
Cartridge 5.56 x 45 mm NATO
Action Gas-operated
Rate of Fire 750 rounds/min
Muzzle Velocity 920 m/s
Effective Firing Range 500 m
Feed System 20-, 30- detachable STANAG Magazines
Sights Iron sights; optical sights can be placed with weaver or Picatinny railing mount

The Howa Type 89 Assault Rifle (89式小銃 howa-hachi-kyū-shiki-syōjū), referred to as the type 89 5.56mm rifle (89式5.56mm小銃 hachi-kyū-shiki-go-ten-go-roku-miri-syōjū), is a Japanese assault rifle used by the Japan Self-Defense Forces, the Japan Coast Guard's Special Security Team units, and the Special Assault Team. It was never exported outside Japan due to its strict anti-hardware export policy. It is known in JGSDF service as Buddy.

The Type 89 has become the standard issued rifle as it replaces the aging Type 64.

The Type 89 was used by the Japanese Paratroopers in the 11th Airborne Brigade as they raided the capital and secured the Jade Palace known as the Siege of the Jade Palace. They also used a modified para version of the rifle, which had a folding stock to make it more compact.

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